Published on 12, July, 2020
I am new here - my 5 year old son was officially diagnosed with asd and adhd a few weeks back. I have always known he is 'wired' differently so even though it was a shock to be confirmed it was not a complete surprise. His paediatrician said mainly high functioning aspergers. Now I am lost, we have an answer but I am totally confused and feel like I don't know if I am coming or going. I have so many questions and I don't know who to ask.....so I am hoping you guys might be able to help with your own experiences.
My son is nearly 6 and pretty awesome if I do say so myself :-) he is quirky, has these amazing obsessions that he masters, he is super clever, funny and sweet. On the other hand he is physical, picks on his sister relentlessly, rude, acts spoilt, doesn't listen etc.
I am not sure how much of his behaviour issues are down to the aspergers/asd and adhd or just bad behaviour. Some days I think oh he is fine what were we worried about and other days it's a non stop down hill spiral. I have always assumed (should never assume I know) that aspergers is a communication issue and not behavioural, am I wrong? He does tick all the boxes for aspergers (words of his paed), obsessions, factual, won't always look you in the eye, socially awkward as in if he knows you then fine but otherwise he acts strange, he is physical when things don't go his way, he isn't great at going to sleep, needs things to go his way. And to be honest it changes from time to time, used to be very ritual lead and no so much now.
I think I guess I am just so confused and I don't want this to affect him in any way and I wan't to discipline him in the right way and stop losing my way.
Thanks in advance Pia
Pia said:I am not sure how much of his behaviour issues are down to the aspergers/asd and adhd or just bad behaviour.
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So the first sentence that jumps out at me is this: "I have always assumed (should never assume I know) that aspergers is a communication issue and not behavioural"So, I'm not sure it's possible to separate behaviour and communication- the way people communicate is always going to greatly impact their behaviour and some behaviour is communication in itself (e.g. lashing out can mean "Please stop doing that", or "I'm really frustrated"). It's not the method we want to be on the receiving end of, but if he's overwhelmed it might be the only method he has.I think the key is looking into the reason behind the behaviour, in order to assess whether it is "bad behaviour" or it's related to his autism. He's probably not old enough or adept enough at communication to analyse that himself, so it's mostly up to you to assess- which will be difficult coming from a non-autistic perspective (there are lots of books that explain it well- Attwood is really good! http://www.autismforthvalley.co.uk/files/5314/4595/7798/Attwood-Tony-The-Complete-Guide-to-Aspergers-Syndrome.pdf ), but do seek your son's input!
It's also worth noting that...
* AS isn't just about communication, it also comes with differences in sensory processing, so things that can pass unnoticed by other people (bright lights, noises, textures of clothing) might be overwhelmingly uncomfortable for us. The thing he's getting upset about to the point of physical behaviour might just be the final thing that makes coping with all the other stuff- stuff you as a neurotypical might not even notice- impossible. So when he's lashing out it's not so much an overreaction as a release of pent up distress from a whole day's worth of minor-to-moderate discomforts. It's also very hard to filter out extraneous input.
Time to go off on a long metaphor that I hope will help explain the 'filtering' thing: I like to think of the brain as a marble run- all the input is the marbles, and processing that input is like the marble going down the track. Most people automatically pick out the marbles they want to 'process' from the bag of marbles they are given (the marbles represent: all the different sensory inputs around you, thoughts you might be having and things you have to do)- they take the appropriate marbles from the bag and put them in one at a time so they go steadily through the track without issue.
Aspie brains often seem to just dump everything in as it comes, and if there are a lot of things going on- i.e. marbles going in- at once (multiple conversations, loud noises, strong smells, trying to make eye contact, trying to concentrate on what someone is saying to you, also you're hungry, also the label in your t-shirt is itchy...) there's inevitably a clog as several things try to go down the track together, the brain just stops processing the new things that come in and all the marbles just come spilling out of the top- that's the 'meltdown' scenario, with lots of distress and possibly lashing out, and nothing can get through and stop it until it has run its course, because nothing is getting through that clogged up marble run.
End long metaphor.
* It's possible that the insistence on things going 'his way' may at least partially be an attempt to impose order and structure on his day-to-day life. Something that was once done by being "very ritual lead", as you put it. That's classic aspie behaviour- we find things a lot easier if there is a rigid structure and can be very upset by deviations from it, even if the deviation is to do something we would otherwise be really interested in! If you spring it in without a good amount of notice we can have a really adverse reaction, especially if we're already under stress (see above).
* Being perceived as 'rude' is very common for autistic people. Often it's because we have unusual body language (e.g. lack of eye contact, as most of us find it very uncomfortable), a tendency to bluntness/lack of insight into how our words might affect other people (especially when young- we tend to learn social manners the hard way rather than doing it on instinct and it can take a while), and inability to tell, for example, when other people are not interested in continuing a conversation.*As a rule, autistic people and confrontation don't mix well (I even get distressed when people are confronting completely unrelated people in close physical proximity to me), so I would suggest relying much more heavily on the proverbial carrot than the proverbial stick when it comes to matters of behaviour and discipline.
Hope this helps
Thanks Emma this really helps. I never looked at the communication and behaviour together, I don't know why as after your explanations it makes so much sense. I think my problem is that I do believe he has aspergers but on good days I think hang on he's OK, can we have good and bad days like its not even there one day? He can communicate absolutely fine some days and other days not but then as you say that could be surroundings etc, maybe just cos I'm not aware things are an issue sensory wise for him doesn't mean they aren't. I know I'm rambling on what I guess I am trying to say is if he has minor aspergers if such thing then can I look at it as someone wld to someone with quite severe aspergers or asd? Does that make sense. I'm over analysing aren't I?